AI-based NLP section discusses the application and effect of bag-of-words models and TF-IDF in NLP tasks

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Shuying Dai
Keqin Li
Zhuolun Luo
Peng Zhao
Bo Hong
Armando Zhu
Jiabei Liu


This paper delves into the practical applications and effectiveness of two prominent text representation methods, the Bag-of-Words (BoW) model and Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency (TF-IDF), in the realm of Natural Language Processing (NLP). It commences with an introductory overview of NLP and its pivotal role in the broader field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), elucidating the importance of enabling computers to comprehend and manipulate human language. Subsequently, a comprehensive elucidation of the underlying principles and implementation of these two methods is provided. By conducting a comparative analysis of their respective strengths and weaknesses, the paper endeavors to ascertain the most suitable model for a diverse range of scenarios. The study reveals that while the BoW model proves to be effective for tasks involving short text classification, TF-IDF emerges as the preferred choice for applications such as search engines and keyword extraction. This is attributed to TF-IDF's ability to discern the significance of words within a document in relation to a corpus, thereby mitigating the influence of common but less meaningful words. In conclusion, the paper highlights the significance of AI advancements in shaping the future landscape of NLP. The integration of neural networks and deep learning has revolutionized the field, enabling more sophisticated text representations and enhancing performance in areas such as speech recognition, machine translation, and sentiment analysis. The paper underscores the dynamic nature of NLP and its continual evolution in tandem with AI technologies, offering promising prospects for future research and application development.

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How to Cite
Dai, S. ., Li, K. ., Luo, Z. ., Zhao, P. ., Hong, B. ., Zhu, A. ., & Liu, J. . (2024). AI-based NLP section discusses the application and effect of bag-of-words models and TF-IDF in NLP tasks. Journal of Artificial Intelligence General Science (JAIGS) ISSN:3006-4023, 5(1), 13–21.